Pontes in Londres

Ponte de la Torre de Londres

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La ponte de la Torre, n'inglés Tower Bridge, ye una ponte que crucia'l ríu Támesis en Londres. Combina les característiques de ponte basculante y ponte colgante. Ta construyíu n'estilu victoriano, y atópase asitiáu cerca de la torre de Londres, que-y da  el so nome.

La ponte, unu de los cuatro pontes pertenecientes a la Corporation of London, el conceyu de la City de Londres, ye calteníu por Bridge House Estates, una compañía ensin ánimu d'arriquecimientu. Los otros trés son la ponte de Londres, la ponte de Blackfriars y la ponte de Southwark.

 Cruciar 44 000 conductores y peatones al día.

Diseñu y construcción

Mientres la segunda parte del sieglu XIX, el desenvolvimientu económicu nel este de Londres llevó a la necesidá d'un nuevu pasu sobre'l ríu, más embaxo de la ponte de Londres. Non podía construyise la tradicional ponte fixa por cuenta de que cortaría l'accesu al puertu que nesa dómina  asitiar nel Pool of London (el Puertu de Londres orixinal), ente la ponte de Londres y la Torre de Londres. Un túnel sol Támesis, Tower Subway, foi inauguráu en 1870, pero namá sirvía pa tráficu piatonal.

En 1876 creóse un comité especial p'atopar una solución al pasu sobre'l ríu, que convocó un concursu pa escoyer el diseñu de la futura ponte. Más de 50 diseños fueron propuestos, incluyíu unu de sir Joseph Bazalgette. La evaluación de los diseños tuvo arrodiada de discutiniu, y nun foi hasta 1884 cuando'l creáu por Horace Jones, l'Arquiteutu de la Ciudá, foi aprobáu.

El diseñu de Jones yera una ponte basculante de 244 m de llargor y 7 m d'anchor, con dos torres de 65 m d'altor. La distancia central de 61 m ente los dos torres  estremase en dos  leva, que pueden alzase hasta un ángulu de 83 graos pa dexar pasar el tráficu fluvial. A pesar de que  cada lleva pesa más de 1000 tonelaes, tán apilaes pa embrivir la enerxía riquida p'alzales, lo que lleva un minutu. El mecanismu hidráulicu orixinal, diseñáu por William Armstrong, utilizaba agua a presión almacenada en seis acumuladores. L'agua yera bombiada dientro de los acumuladores por aciu motores de vapor. La ponte puede cargar más de 2000 tonelaes.

Anguaño, la maquinaria hidráulica orixinal inda abre la ponte, anque foi modificáu pa utilizar aceite en llugar d'agua, y motores eléctricos sustituyeron el llugar de les máquines de vapor y los acumuladores. Les antigües sales de máquines tán abiertes al públicu.

La ponte foi inauguráu pol príncipe de Gales el 30 de xunu de 1894, seis   años dempués del fallecimientu de Jones, y tres ocho años de construcción. El mesmu día de la so inauguración, la prestixosa revista especializada, The Builder,  calificar de «monstruosu y grotescu».

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Lauren Keith
14 September 2013
Grab the £12 combination ticket for the bridge's upper walkways to see one of the best scenic views of London, as well as a climb up the Monument. http://bit.ly/2hluqwd
Rashid Khan
6 July 2013
This doesn't get as much a mention as the red bus/phone box/bigben etc. but it's amazing, especially on the south side in the evening when the lights are lit along the bank. Worth a visit.
Elena E.
5 May 2015
Simply one of the most famous, iconic, unforgettable sights in the world. Now you can even go up one of the towers (the one on the north bank side) and cross the Thames walking on its glass walkways!
George X
8 November 2015
Walk over it and enjoy stunning views.There is the Tower Bridge exhibition with access to the upper part of the bridge.The exhibition has a small part of the bridge having a glass floor.
Jenya S
30 October 2016
Love this bridge, especially in sunset and after dark. If you are a tourist in London getting all the way up into the towers is quite cool experience.
Filmsquare
16 September 2014
The team of Retired, Extremely Dangerous operatives travel to London in RED 2 (2013) to find and free British weapons inventor Bailey. We see Tower Bridge in an establishing shot of London.
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Tower Bridge Rd, United Kingdom

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