Modern art museums in New York

MoMA

9.4/10

El Museum of Modern Art, más conocíu pol so acrónimu MoMA, ye un muséu d'arte asitiáu nel Midtown de Manhattan (Nueva York), na 11 West cola cai 53 y ente la Quinta y la Sesta Avenida.

Alluga pieces tales como La nueche estrellada de Van Gogh, Broadway Boogie-Woogie de Piet Mondrian, Les señorites de Avignon (1907) de Pablo Picasso, La persistencia de la memoria de Salvador Dalí y obres d'artistes norteamericanos como Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol y Edward Hopper.

Foi fundáu poles filántropes estadounidenses Lillie P. Bliss, Mary Quinn Sullivan y Abby Aldrich Rockefeller,, pa «ayudar a la xente a entender, utilizar y esfrutar de les artes visuales del nuesu tiempu». Abrió les sos puertes al públicu'l 7 de payares de 1929. El muséu ye unu de los más del país.

Característiques

El Muséu fundóse como entidá privada, beneficiándose de numberoses donaciones de los sos miembros y d'empreses, siendo un exemplu pa otros museos de la so clase, ampliando les fronteres del arte a disciplines ensin almitir n'otres galeríes.

Ye consideráu unu de los santuarios del arte moderno y contemporaneu del mundu, constituyendo (a xuiciu de munchos) una de les meyores colecciones d'obres maestres. El MoMA tien amás importantes colecciones de diseñu gráficu, diseñu industrial, fotografía, arquitectura, cine ya impresos.

Influencia

Cuando'l Muséu d'Arte Moderno empezó a esponer les sos obres, gran parte del públicu d'aquella dómina despreciaba'l cubismu y l'arte astracto, porque topetaben coles llínees directrices qu'hasta esi momentu marcaben la pauta del "verdaderu arte".

De les primeres vanguardies del sieglu XX, el MoMA conserva obres clave de Pablo Picasso, como Les señorites de Aviñón, según el cuadru La persistencia de la memoria de Salvador Dalí, ente otros de Marc Chagall, Kandinsky, Mondrian, Henri Matisse, etc. Tien un Xardín d'Escultures con obres Auguste Rodin, Alexander Calder, Louise Nevelson, Pablo Serrano y Aristide Maillol, amás d'una sala de cine.

En 1997, l'arquiteutu xaponés Yoshio Taniguchi superó a otros diez arquitectos internacionales al ganar el concursu pa executar el nuevu diseñu del muséu. Dempués de cuatro año de reformes, en 2004 foi inauguráu'l nuevu MoMA, con casi'l doble d'espaciu. En 2012 foi'l primer muséu del mundu n'adquirir el códigu fonte de videoxuegos al consideralos arte, ente ellos, Pac-Man (1980) y Tetris (1984). La colección tamién inclúi obres de lleendes de diseñu del mundu como Livio Castiglioni, Achille Castiglioni, Pier Giacomo Castiglioni.

Bibliografía

  • Jesús Pedro Lorente, Los Museos d'arte contemporaneo: noción y desenvolvimientu históricu, Xixón, Trea, 2008

Enllaces esternos

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Time Out New York
31 October 2011
The best museum to spend the day in boasts unparalleled holdings in 20th- and 21st-century art, the Sette MoMA restaurant, a plush movie theater and the MoMA Design Store.
MoMA
13 February 2012
Check out Print Studio, a FREE interactive space for exploring the print medium, each day from 12 to 4 p.m.! Come to the Cullman Education Building (walk past Cafe 2) for drop-in programs & workshops.
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11 W 53rd St, New York, NY 10019, USA

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